Loop electrosurgical excision procedure (LEEP) is used to treat abnormal cells found on the surface of the cervix. During the procedure, the abnormal cells are removed to prevent development of cervical cancer.
Wire loops attached to an electrosurgical generator cut away the affected tissue, causing the cells to heat and burst. The tissue removed is sent to a lab for further evaluation, including ensuring that the abnormal area has been fully removed. An assessment as to the cause of the growth of abnormal tissue will also be done. The LEEP procedure takes 20-30 minutes and can be performed in the office. A local anesthetic is administered to minimize pain.
Advanced Laparoscopic Surgery
Advanced laparoscopic surgery is a minimally invasive procedure used to diagnose and treat problems of the genital and pelvic areas. During the procedure, a laparoscope, a thin tube with an attached camera at one end, is inserted through a small incision. This allows the doctor to closely examine the area. Surgical instruments can be inserted through additional incisions to treat any identified problems.
Technological advances have brought computers and laparoscopic instruments to the forefront of surgical approaches. This provides patients with a minimally invasive technique that can be used in a wide range of procedures.
Reasons for Advanced Laparoscopic Surgery
Advanced laparoscopic surgery may be performed for a number of reasons, including to:
- Examine or remove any growths, such as cysts or fibroids
- Diagnose or treat conditions including endometriosis, ectopic pregnancy or pelvic inflammatory disease
- Perform a biopsy
- Determine the cause of pelvic pain
- Perform endometrial ablation to treat heavy menstrual periods
- Remove organs such as the uterus, ovaries or fallopian tubes
- Determine the cause of infertility
The Advanced Laparoscopic Surgery Procedure
Advanced laparoscopic surgery is performed under general anesthesia and generally takes 30 to 90 minutes, depending on what is done during the procedure. After making a small incision, the doctor will insert the laparoscope and examine or treat the affected area. Using smaller incisions reduces any discomfort a patient will have after surgery.
Risks of Advanced Laparoscopic Surgery
While this procedure is considered safe, the possible risks of advanced laparoscopic surgery include infection, bleeding or allergic reaction to a medication or anesthesia.
Recovery from Advanced Laparoscopic Surgery
Advanced laparoscopic surgery is less invasive than traditional open surgery and typically results in fewer complications. The surgery is usually performed as an outpatient procedure, and patients are often able to resume their normal activities within a few days.